He certainly wasn’t the only apostle to do so, but he is known as the “apostle to the Gentiles” because that’s who Jesus specifically called him to minister to (Acts 9:15), he and the other apostles agreed that was his role (Galatians 2:7), and that was undeniably the focus of his ministry. But Jesus doesn’t refer to him as Paul, and he was still called Saul 11 more times after his conversion. From there, Paul traveled back to Ephesus, where he encountered some believers who weren’t familiar with the Holy Spirit, because they’d been taught by Apollos, who didn’t have a complete grasp of the gospel at the time. Paul was actually born as Saul. The Book of Acts records that the apostles performed miracles, and Paul is no exception. The Apostle Paul is traditionally considered the author of 13 books of the New Testament. He was a convert to Christianity. Only counting the times the Bible explicitly says they planned to kill him, not just attack or harm him, here they in sequential order. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll explore the basics of what we know—and don’t know—about this important biblical figure. Some scholars argue there was a fourth missionary journey as well. This site uses cookies to analyze traffic and ensure you get the best experience. He was the last apostle to be martyred. He died, probably as a martyr in Rome, in the mid- to late a.d. 60s. But someone warned the centurion of the plan, and instead, he rounded up nearly 500 soldiers to take Paul to the governor in Caesarea. The father of church history, Eusebius of Caesarea (c. 260–339 AD) noted that “some have rejected the Epistle to the Hebrews, saying that it is disputed by the church of Rome, on the ground that it was not written by Paul” (Church History). The Athenians were accustomed to discussing new ideas, and they’d never heard the message Paul preached before, so they were intrigued and debated with him. My fellow Christians we are to ensure other Christians to live up to our heavenly calling. First-century Jews had grown up believing the Law was central to their identity as God’s chosen people, and they struggled to fully grasp that Jesus rendered the Law obsolete (Hebrews 8:13). It’s Sunday morning and my grandson Paul is on his honeymoon. Paul started more than a dozen churches, and he’s traditionally considered the author of 13 books of the Bible—more than any other biblical writer. And he has come here with authority from the chief priests to arrest all who call on your name.’, But the Lord said to Ananias, ‘Go! He corresponded with these churches regularly and visited them as often as he could. I would, of course, give you credit for having created the map – cover sheet. Paul’s truth moves us into Revelations as the Church of Ephesus is taken into account of the last days. Porcius Festus succeeded Felix and after hearing Paul defend himself, he asked Paul if would be willing to stand trial in Jerusalem. For the law of Moses has been preached in every city from the earliest times and is read in the synagogues on every Sabbath.” —Acts 15:19–21. Paul goes on to say that “if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!” (Galatians 2:21). Paul's conversion was never the focal point of his preaching he preached Christ, not his personal experience (2 Cor 4:5)but it does not fail to influence him in later years (Acts 22:2-12; 26:2-18). No one ever opened the sarcophagus, but using a probe and carbon dating, archaeologists estimated that the remains inside were from the first or second century. After a dangerous evil spirit claimed to know Jesus and Paul, people flocked to Paul and his followers and the church grew quickly. Since Paul was a Roman citizen, he would have been given three names at birth. He went to the high priest and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way, whether men or women, he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem.” —Acts 9:1–2. The two main sources of information by which we have access to the earliest segments of Paul's career are the Bible's Book of Acts and the autobiographical elements of Paul's letters to the early Christian communities. In some cases, Paul spent well over a year in the cities he preached to, living with the believers there and modeling a lifestyle of imitating Christ. Here are the miracles associated with Paul: To those who saw and heard Paul, these miracles proved his authority from God, just as Jesus’ miracles once demonstrated his (Mark 2:10). Paul’s accusers requested that Paul be sent back to Jerusalem “for they were preparing an ambush to kill him along the way” (Acts 25:3). James, Cephas and John, those esteemed as pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me. “Saul the Pharisee” chose to be known as “Paul, citizen of Rome.”. As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. Once I was stoned. “In Damascus there was a disciple named Ananias. He was born into a Jewish family in the city of Tarsus. The Jewish leaders agreed to help them by petitioning the Roman commander to bring Paul before the Sanhedrin for questioning. He got up and was baptized, and after taking some food, he regained his strength.” —Acts 9:10–19. . The Book of Acts tells us that Paul was even present at the death of the first Christian martyr—where he “approved the stoning of Stephen” (Acts 8:1). Silas and Timothy stayed behind, but would catch up later. He casted out a spirit that was annoying him (Acts 16:16-18). He was of Benjamite lineage and Hebrew ancestry (Philippians 3:5–6). He stayed with two named Aquila and Priscilla, who were tentmakers, like him. The third was Paul’s Latin name, Paullus. And indeed, without God’s miraculous intervention, they would have. But he saw and heard “inexpressible things.” Pride would be the natural sinful response to an experience like this, but pride and conceit have no place in God’s servant. There is no book of Paul just his letters, however it is very clear that God used him as a post disciple of Christ Jesus to solidify the truth. Some of his listeners became believers, and then he left for Corinth. As an apostle to the Gentiles, not only did Paul need to engage the cultures he was trying to reach, but he had to protect these new believers from the weight of obligation that Jewish Christians often tried to impose on them. So they led him by the hand into Damascus. However, the early church assumed the letter was written by Paul, and even included it in early collections of his writings. In his letter to the Corinthians, first-century church father Clement of Rome said Paul “had gone to the extremity of the west,” which at the time presumably meant Spain. Over the course of his life, Paul likely traveled well over 10,000 miles to spread the gospel. Throughout Paul’s ministry he suffered trials and persecution for the sake of Christ. When he finally arrived, “Paul was allowed to live by himself, with a soldier to guard him” (Acts 28:16). Paul’s calling as an apostle to the Gentiles was also reinforced by the original apostles. Unfortunately, some of those who opposed Paul and his companions in Thessalonica heard he was in Berea, so they came and started causing trouble. His Jewish credentials included his heritage, discipline, and zeal. Who was Peter in the Bible & Why Was He So Important? I have not done any wrong to the Jews, as you yourself know very well. The letters reference many of the events recorded in Acts, which scholars have used to construct more clear timelines of Paul’s life and ministry. Bible verses related to Apostle Paul from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order Romans 1:1-32 - Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Read More...) Instead of persecuting Christians, Paul was called to be persecuted as one of them. When Paul told a centurion, the Roman commander ordered a detachment of almost 500 guards to move him to Caesarea under the cover of night. Perhaps he would recount all the Gospel victories and tell me more about the suffering he endured for the name of Christ. Most Relevant Verses. While Moses still holds the title for writing the most words in the Bible (traditionally), Paul wrote the most documents. Paul (small, little). I will have to reread this several times to add to my thinking and understanding. That’s a huge shift—even a three-year turnaround sounds pretty speedy to me. traveled more than 10,000 miles and established at least 14 churches.. He made a sorcerer go temporarily blind (Acts 13:11). He saw no way out of the life-threatening situation. Many scholars feel this may have been a spiritual retreat for Paul, a time to reconcile everything he knew from the Old Testament Scriptures with his new reality in Christ. Paul Tells of His Past Life. On many of Paul’s journeys, he travelled by boat. We will likely never know who really wrote Hebrews. Paul, in the New Testament known by his Hebrew name Saul until Acts 13:9. Paul’s missionary journeys helped spread the gospel throughout much of the ancient world. I like the map you two put together; it’s clean and crisp looking, and very helpful with where the pertinent towns and country locations. Colossians makes some questionable references which Paul doesn’t make anywhere else (he calls Jesus “the image of the invisible God” in Colossians 1:15), and which align more with later Christian theology (like that found in John’s gospel), so some have argued it was written by Paul’s followers after his death. Ways to Tell the Story: This story can be told using a variety of methods. In a vision he has seen a man named Ananias come and place his hands on him to restore his sight.’, ‘Lord,’ Ananias answered, ‘I have heard many reports about this man and all the harm he has done to your holy people in Jerusalem. First, let's do a quick summary of what we know about Paul. Paul was likely born between the years of 5 BC and 5 AD. We have compiled these articles to help you study those whom God chose to set before us as examples in His Word. He healed people and cast out spirits through items he touched (Acts 19:11–12). But after his encounter with Jesus, instead of stamping out Christianity, Paul stoked the flames of the faith wherever he went, at whatever the cost. At worst, someone wrote these letters and deceitfully signed Paul’s name to make them more authoritative. Many of his writings are contained in the Canon of the Bible and have influenced the growth and development of the Church since the first century. Some argue that Paul made a fourth missionary journey as well, since some of his letters refer to events and visits that may not be accounted for in Acts. The city was on the brink of rioting, and Paul wanted to return to help his companions, but the city clerk managed to de-escalate the situation without him. For when I am powerless, it is then that I am strong. Paul endured in his ministry. The Beginner’s Guide. The reality is that Saul was a Hebrew name and Paul was a Greek version of the same name. Paul in the Smith's Bible Dictionary. It’s true that in the Old Testament, God occasionally changed people’s names (Abram became Abraham in Genesis 17:5, and Jacob became Israel in Genesis 32:28) to represent significant changes in their identity. The relationship between Paul the Apostle and Women is an important element in the theological debate about Christianity and women because Paul was the first writer to give ecclesiastical directives about the role of women in the Church. Some, like the centurion in Acts 22:28, had to pay a lot of money to have it. 5.) This article is part of our People from the Bible Series featuring the most well-known historical names and figures from Scripture. In my mind, Paul met Jesus on a dusty road, spent three days fasting in Damascus, regained his eyesight, then jumped right into ministry to the Gentiles and never looked back. Those who opposed Paul and Barnabas started a plot to stone them, but they caught wind of it and fled to the Lycaonian city of Lystra. After staying in Antioch for awhile, Paul asked Barnabas to go with him to visit the churches they’d established together. Who Was Herod? A new found reader, Paul’s Mima. If you’ll notice, the apostles didn’t decide that Gentiles should follow “the most important” commandments, or the Big Ten, or anything like that. He went from hating people who loved Jesus to becoming someone who loved Jesus. But scholars argue that these epistles are actually pseudepigrapha: writings that claim to be written by someone who was not the actual author. Of all the ways Paul affected Christianity, the biggest was arguably his role in spreading the gospel to non-Jewish communities. From this point forward, Luke only refers to the apostle as “Paul.” This shift does not reflect a name change, as has often been said, but rather a conscious decision on Paul’s part to use a name he already had. Paul and Silas shared the gospel with the jailer, and once they were freed, they returned to Lydia’s house, and then left for Thessalonica. Paul was comforted and strengthened by God’s powerful presence. Paul's exact date of birth is unknown. He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, ‘Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?’, ‘I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting,’ he replied. How is it, then, that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs? Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual … But Paul was greatly annoyed, and turned and said to the spirit, “I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her!” And it came out at that very moment. Although St. Paul was not one of the original 12 Apostles of Jesus, he was one of the most prolific contributors to the New Testament. As I sat here this morning thinking of my grandson Paul I decided I wanted to learn more about Paul in the Bible that he was named after through generations and I must say I have not only learned a great deal but your writing style was wonderful even though some of the parts of his life pulled at my heart I then focused on all the amazing things he did to serve our awesome God! Paul spent the next few days with the very Christians he had come to capture, and he immediately began preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ—to the confusion of Christians and Jews alike. In each of these, Paul and his companions set out to bring the gospel to Gentiles, and they establish the churches Paul wrote to in his epistles (as well as many others). It may be that Paul’s words have implications for all who are unmarried, but I think Paul’s reference to the unmarried refers to widowers specifically. Whether or not Paul made a fourth missionary journey (possibly to Spain) largely depends on if he was imprisoned in Rome once or twice. I’m in the process of putting together a book about the three Pastorals and was wondering if you might allow me to use your map as the book cover (front and back – wraparound cover). Pain and struggle may have marked his life, but God’s lavish grace sustained him every moment. After encouraging them, he boarded a ship and returned to Jerusalem, even after numerous Christians warned him not to go there. To prove his point, he told the Galatians that Peter (also known as Cephas), James, and John had nothing to add to Paul’s rendition of the gospel: “As for those who were held in high esteem—whatever they were makes no difference to me; God does not show favoritism—they added nothing to my message. STORY 110 Timothy —Paul’s New Helper STORY 111 A Boy Who Fell Asleep STORY 112 Shipwrecked on an Island STORY 113 Paul in Rome PART 8 What the Bible Foretells Comes True Show more. Corinthians and Romans from his third missionary journies. I am enthralled. Let’s begin! There are a number of reasons for this. The assassins planned to attack Paul during the transfer. Verse Concepts. Paul’s powerful testimonies. The Apostle Paul, who started as one of Christianity's most zealous enemies, was hand-picked by Jesus Christ to become the gospel's most ardent messenger. The apostle Paul’s last written words, in his second letter to Timothy, reveal the reality of God’s strength made perfect in our weakness (2 Corinthians 12:9): Kathy Howard is the author of 7 books including the new Bible study, Lavish Grace: Poured Out, Poured Through, and Overflowing. We create research-based articles and handy infographics to help people understand the Bible. However, there are arguments that … Then he and Barnabas left (Acts 14:8–20). The Book of Acts records three separate missionary journeys that took Paul through Greece, Turkey, Syria, and numerous regions you won’t find on modern-day maps. Visit Taborblogor scroll down to read a brief bio of James Ta… Paul also talks of a third visit to Corinth in 2 Tired of his case dragging on to appease his Jewish accusers, Paul claimed his right as a Roman to appeal to Caesar: “I am now standing before Caesar’s court, where I ought to be tried. As a GA in my teens I wrote and mapped Paul’s Missionary Journeys. (It is not improbable that he was born between A.D. 0 and A.D. Placing his hands on Saul, he said, ‘Brother Saul, the Lord—Jesus, who appeared to you on the road as you were coming here—has sent me so that you may see again and be filled with the Holy Spirit.’ Immediately, something like scales fell from Saul’s eyes, and he could see again. Paul spent three months in Greece, then returned to Macedonia to avoid some people who were plotting against him. From Paul’s perspective, these people were blaspheming about God and leading his people astray. This could mean Paul simply had a different purpose in writing them, or that Paul’s writing style changed over the course of his ministry, but the epistles to Timothy and Titus also have very different vocabulary and even theology than we see in other Pauline writings. Paul’s conversion on the road to Damascus. (Galatians 1:13-18) In my mind, Paul met Jesus on a … After he received a vision (Acts 10:9–16), Peter was one of the first apostles to specifically advocate for sharing the gospel with Gentiles. This famous encounter is referred to as the road to Damascus, the Damascene conversion, and the Damascus Christophany (a vision of Christ distinct from his incarnation). Peter argued that God hadn’t discriminated between Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians because he’d given them both the Holy Spirit, and if in the entire history of Judaism no one had been able to keep the Law (except Jesus), then why would they put that burden on the Gentiles (Acts 15:7-11)? Others, like many of the Gnostic gospels, were blatant forgeries written to advance a theological position. Paul and Barnabas spent a long time in Iconium, and the city was divided: some people supported them, and others hated them. Just after his conversion on the road to Damascus, Paul began preaching in the synagogues. (Though to be fair, if Paul hadn’t talked him to sleep, the boy wouldn’t have fallen out of that window to begin with.). Of the 27 books in the New Testament, 13 or 14 are traditionally attributed to Paul, though only 7 of these Pauline epistles are accepted as being entirely authentic and dictated by St. Paul himself. His followers smuggled him in and out of the city in a basket (Acts 9:23–25). Fun fact: Paul did proclaim the name of Jesus to a Gentile king. St. Paul the Apostle, original name Saul of Tarsus, (born 4 bce ?, Tarsus in Cilicia [now in Turkey]—died c. 62–64 ce, Rome [Italy]), one of the leaders of the first generation of Christians, often considered to be the most important person after Jesus in the history of Christianity. Fun fact: “Asia” used to refer to a very specific region in part of what we know as Turkey today, but westerners began using the name to describe pretty much anything east of them, until they eventually used it for the whole continent. May their lives and walks with God strengthen your faith and encourage your soul.4 Things You May Not Know About Abraham in the Bible5 Things to Know About Luke from the BibleThe Life of Ruth - 5 Essential Faith LessonsJohn the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His LifeWho was Peter in the Bible & Why Was He So Important? He had an elite education. The Holy Spirit kept Paul and his companions from preaching in the province of Asia, so they went to Phrygia and Galatia (where they planted the church Paul would later write to in Galatians), eventually making their way to Troas. He was constantly trying to prove that the Gentiles didn’t need to adopt Jewish customs like circumcision in order to place their faith in Jesus and receive the Holy Spirit. They were invited to come speak on the following Sabbath, and when they did, most of the city attended. James Tabor considers Biblical and external accounts of the apostle This article was originally published in November 2012 on Dr. James Tabor’s popular Taborblog, a site that discusses and reports on “‘All things biblical’ from the Hebrew Bible to Early Christianity in the Roman World and Beyond.” Bible History Daily republished the article with consent of the author. Early Christian writers even suggested possible alternative authors. His letters frequently address problems and questions these churches wrote to him about. In his second letter to the Corinthians, which was likely written before his final trip to Jerusalem, Paul claims he was shipwrecked three times: “Three times I was beaten with rods. Over the course of his ministry, the Apostle Paul. by Ryan Nelson | Feb 28, 2019 | Bible characters | 11 comments. Silas and Timothy rejoined him here. After Paul’s arrest by a Roman commander in Jerusalem, 40 Jewish men bound themselves in an oath to not eat or drink anything until they had killed Paul. He was from the Jewish tribe of Benjamin, and when describing himself, he said he was a Hebrew of Hebrews; in regard to the Mosaic Law, a Pharisee; as for zeal, persecuting the Christian Church, as for legalistic righteousness, faultless. He left the church with Barnabas and a man named John (also called Mark, believed to be the author of the Gospel of Mark), and together they sailed to Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean. The Book of Acts and Paul’s own letters provide an account of how this dramatic change happened. But then some Jews came from Antioch and Iconium, and convinced this crowd to actually stone Paul. “When Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. More than any other person besides Jesus, Paul was the reason Christianity spread so far and so fast. It is believed that he wrote thirteen books of the Bible, together called the Pauline epistles. It explores how each of the Bible’s 66 books fit into the big picture, and you’ll walk away with enough knowledge to have a thoughtful conversation about the Bible with a pastor, an atheist, or anyone else. In Troas (a city in Macedonia), Paul was teaching in an upper room when a young man fell asleep and tumbled out the window, falling to his death. Clement of Rome provided the earliest surviving record of Paul’s death in his letter to the Corinthians (known as 1 Clement), where he mentions that Paul and Peter were martyred. In his letter to the Galatians, Paul wrote he “went immediately into Arabia” (Galatians 1:17). For this reason, Saint Paul is often considered one of the most influential people in history. He was born in Tarsus in Cilicia around AD 1–5 in a province in the southeastern corner of modern-day Tersous, Turkey. (Governor Felix strung him along because he wanted the Jews to like him, and he hoped Paul would bribe him.). On six occasions in Acts, Jews and Gentiles alike made plans to murder him—and one of those times, they stoned him and left him for dead. And Paul and Saul are actually two versions of the same name. Paul was held prisoner in Rome in his last days on earth. Then he got up and went back in. Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals and from blood. During his ministry, Paul made a lot of people mad. But not everyone agrees that Paul wrote all of these letters. He began debating with Hellenistic Jews, and they tried to kill him, so the Christians took him to Caesarea an sent him home to Tarsus (Acts 9:26–30). Were invited to come speak on the world ’ s play all along ; I had simply them... Search, Devotions did, in which case David wins. ) remains of Saint is! Bears testimony to his rabbinic training Paul met Jesus on a … Timeline... Mere man, and Philemon it wasn ’ t write Hebrews, and even brought someone back from dead. 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