The EmbassyPage for Equatorial Guinea lists all foreign embassies and consulates in Equatorial Guinea and all Equatorial Guinean embassies and consulates abroad. The migrations from the 18th century have influenced the country, creating cultural diversity in the field of languages, food, art, music. While lying on the enriched continent of Africa, Equatorial Guinea has proved to be entrenched in ancient rituals and songs. Her neighbors are Cameroon to the north and Gabon to the south and east. Among the Fang of the mainland, witchcraft, traditional music (in which the Fang harp, the xylophone, the great drums, and the wooden trumpet are used), and storytelling survive. The literary culture is mainly about legends and myths passed down by word of mouth. Equatorial Guinea has a rich and varied culture. Adding to that, its main campus is 5 miles away from the capital city. Food Culture. Music and dance is at the core of Equatorial Guinea, and they are treated by the natives as religiously significant. Equatorial Guinea is a small country on the west coast of Africa. Equatorial Guinea - Religions Although African traditional religion has left its vestiges among the indigenous tribes, about 93% of the population are Christian. The Festival in Equatorial Guinea are: – January 1 – New Year – August 15 – Constitution Day Equatorial Guinea is a tiny West African country surround by Cameroon to the North, Gabon to the South, and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.. The country has a lot of protected areas. The park’s thick tropical rainforest is home to gorillas, chimpanzees, and hundreds of species of birds. Several Equatorial Guinean writers have gained international acclaim for their Spanish-language works. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Here are 10 Facts about Equatorial Guinea. By the Treaty of Tordesillas (June 7, 1494), the Portuguese had exclusive trade rights in Africa, and it was not until 1778 that they agreed to cede to Spain the islands of Annobón and Fernando Po as well as rights on the mainland coast between the Ogooué and Niger rivers. These cessions were designed to give Spain its own source of slaves in Africa for transport to Spanish America, where, in exchange, the Spanish confirmed the rights of the Portuguese west of the 50° W meridian in what is now Brazil. Every year on January 1, Equatorial Guinea celebrates the arrival of the upcoming year along with the rest of the world. Africa Cup of Nations Equatorial Guinea tried to be validated as an Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)–compliant country, working toward transparency in reporting of oil revenues and prudent use of natural resource wealth. In the absence of the Spanish, the British also became responsible for administering the island. One of the country's most famous celebrations is the abira, which is believed to cleanse the community of evil. Artisanal jewellery and woven baskets can also be found. Among the Fang of the mainland, witchcraft, traditional music (in which the Fang harp, the xylophone, the great drums, and the wooden trumpet are used), and storytelling survive. Music is typically call and response with a chorus and drums alternating. In 2010, Esono directed Teresa, the first medium-length film to be produced in Equatorial Guinea. Orientation. Freedom House, the respected US think tank, places Equatorial Guinea alongside Burma, North Korea and Somalia on its list of the world's worst regimes, a … Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean. This country has an interesting history and a unique current situation. At first it was called Formosa (“Beautiful”). Fang art is known for its abstract, conceptual qualities. Equatorial Guinea’s culture in the mainland which includes Rio Muni is heavily entrenched in ancient rituals and songs, and that in Bioko island is influenced by Spanish customs and traditions that were prevalent during the colonial period. Culture Name. Equatorial Guinea has a tradition of sculpture and mask-making. Because of the existence of these freed slaves and the lack of any Spanish administration in the area, the United Kingdom made several unsuccessful offers to Spain for the purchase of Fernando Po, particularly from 1839 to 1841. Spanish, French, and Portuguese[2] are the official languages of the country. Musicians like Eyi Moan Ndong have helped to popularize folk styles. Chocolate is used in a variety of recipes as well. Register your trip with the US Department of State! Music and dance are central elements of Equatorial Guinean culture, both Fang and Bubi. The literary culture is mainly about legends and myths passed down by word of mouth. Need help?Chat with us +1-800-345-6541 +1-800-345-6541. Equatorial Guinea Facts and Culture What is Equatorial Guinea famous for? 9. Many Bubi farmers still hold to their ancient customs. When a group of Europeans arrived on the coast they met some women washing clothes in an estuary. Fernando Po was unoccupied and lay in a strategic situation from which the Niger mouths and the portion of western Africa known as the Slave Coast could be watched for slavers. Juan Pablo Ebang Esono is one of the top filmmakers in the country. 11. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Equatorial Guinea. Athletes representing Equatorial Guinea first competed in the Olympic Games in 1984 in Los Angeles. After the British abolition of the slave trade in 1807, bases were required by the Royal Navy for the effective suppression of the trade. Music for the mvet is written in a form of musical notation that can only be learned by initiates of the bebom-mvet society. Among the Bubi farmers of Bioko, some ancient customs are still followed as well. It consists of both a mainland and island regions which cover an area of 11,000 square miles. The Spanish were soon decimated by yellow fever on Fernando Po, and they withdrew in 1781. U.S. Citizens with emergencies, please call (240) 555 516 008. Thereafter the British resettled many freed slaves there, in default of knowing their origin or of being able to repatriate them. ... Equatorial Guinea is located at the Eastern end of the Gulf of Guinea, West coast of Africa, the only African Country situated in the middle of the ocean, outside African map separated by water, the only Spanish speaking. Commonly used ingredients are similar to those used in neighbouring countries—e.g., fish, shrimp, crayfish, pumpkin seeds, peanuts (groundnuts), and vegetables. Outside of Office Hours, contact: (240) 555 516 008. Equatorial Guinea is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa . Equatorial Guinea’s culture is a culture and ancient tribal rituals within the diversity of its different etinias (Ndowe, boobies Annobonese, Bisi, fangs). The island of Bioko (formerly Fernando Po) was sighted by the Portuguese explorer Fernão do Pó, probably in 1472. Traditional meals enjoyed by locals include dishes rooted in the country's history as a Spanish colony, Islamic tradition, as well as recipes passed down through generations of local central and western African tribes. The balélé dance is performed along the coast throughout the year and on Bioko around Christmas. Identification. Spanish cuisine also has influenced the cooking of the country. The semi-spherical part of this instrument is made of bamboo and the strings are attached to the center by fibers. The capital island of Bioko has largely been influenced by Spanish customs and traditions during the colonial period, when education and health services were developed in the country.[1]. 10.- Deputy Director General for the Equatorial Guinea National Centre for the Issue of Official Documents (CNEDOGE) for the Continental Region, Ms. MONSERRAT NSENGBENE NGUEMA. Within the Christian population, 87% are Roman Catholic and about 5% are mainline Protestant, primarily Baptist and Episcopalian. Equatorial Guinea Embassies & Consulates. A knowledge of Spanish is useful. The capital island of Bioko has largely been influenced by Spanish customs and traditions during the colonial p… Most people in the country are nominally Christian, but practice a combination of Roman Catholicism and traditional pagan customs[citation needed]. Foreign visitors (especially Europeans) are a comparative rarity in Equatorial Guinea and are liable to be met with curiosity and, possibly, suspicion. music and culture As in the rest of Africa, music and dance form part of daily life, of the culture closest to the people, of the games of the children and of any festival or ritual. Alternative Names. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Wooden mask-making and traditional sculpture are at the forefront of local crafts, particularly among the Fang ethnic group. While lying on the enriched continent of Africa, Equatorial Guinea has proved to be entrenched in ancient rituals and songs. There are many things to know about this unique country. In the north Santa Isabel Peak (Basile Peak), an extinct volcano, soars to a height of 9,869 feet (3,008 metres). No European occupation was made on the mainland. Annobón was probably sighted by Ruy de Sequeira on a New Year’s Day (hence the name, which means “good year”) between 1472 and 1475, most likely that of 1474. Spanish aid is much oriented to educational and health services. The Universidad Nacional de Guinea Equatorial is the only one available. Equatorial Guinea is the only sovereign African state in which Spanish is the official language. Food and Recipes: Staple foods include cocoyams, plantains, rice and peanuts. Culture. The Europeans misunderstood and thought the women were referring to a geographic area; the subsequently used the word "Guinea" … A New Year’s Eve Gala and fireworks display is organized by the Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism as a charity event, and it is broadcast throughout the country. Music and dance is at the core of Equatorial Guinea, and they are treated by the natives as religiously significant. Tourist attractions include the country’s island beaches and Monte Alen National Park, located in the continental portion of Equatorial Guinea. Equatorial Guinea is a small country on the west coast of Africa which struck oil in 1995 and which is now being cited as a textbook case of the resource curse - or the paradox of plenty. Despite a veneer of Spanish culture and of Roman Catholic religion that is thicker in Bioko than on the mainland, many Equatorial Guineans live according to ancient customs, which have undergone a revival since independence. People eat little meat. Traditional musical instruments include xylophones, big drums, the small thumb bamboo-made piano called, sanza, the harp, and the wooden trumpet. The women indicated to the men that they were women. The various regions and communities of Equatorial Guinea each have their own typical cuisine. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Performance Arts. Facts About Culture, Geography, and History of Equatorial Guinea. Fruits and vegetab… Many cultures have played a role in shaping Equatorial Guinea’s national cuisine. Despite a veneer of Spanish culture and of Roman Catholic religion that is thicker in Bioko than on the mainland, many Equatorial Guineans live according to ancient customs, which have undergone a revival since independence. Masks are used in celebrations, religious events and funerals. [4], Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Culture_of_Equatorial_Guinea&oldid=982400442, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from May 2009, Articles needing additional references from December 2007, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 22:09. Many of the masks depict crocodiles, lizards, and other animals. Freed slaves also came to the island from Sierra Leone and Jamaica, and in the 20th century the descendants of these several groups continued to speak a form of English. Peoples: Equatorial Guinea is made of people with Bantu origin comprising of multiple indigenous ethnic sub-groups: Fang(67 clans) 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4%. In fact, the country is short on eateries. The main languages are Spanish (67.6%), others include French, Fang, Bubi. Currently, Equatorial Guinea maintains 38 embassies abroad as well as 13 consulates. Her territory includes a mainland area called Rio Muni and five islands including Bioko, where the capital, Malabo, is located. The primary religions practiced are Christian(Roman… Equatorial Guinea facts: Official web sites of Equatorial Guinea, links and information on Equatorial Guinea's art, culture, geography, history, travel and tourism, cities, the capital city, airlines, embassies, tourist boards and newspapers. In 1827 the Spanish leased bases for this purpose to the British at Port Clarence (later Santa Isabel, now Malabo), a fine deepwater harbour on the north coast, and in San Carlos Bay (now Luba Bay) on the west coast. Africa Profile with Focus on Equatorial Guinea. Equatorial Guinea customs. Culture of Equatorial Guinea: | While lying on the enriched continent of Africa, Equatorial Guinea has proved to be ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Import Regulations by customs Export Regulations by customs Health and Security Contact Customs Authorities. In 1843 the Royal Navy concentrated its antislavery patrol at Freetown in Sierra Leone, and its buildings on Fernando Po were sold to a Baptist mission. As of 2015, the country had an estimated population of 1,222,245. In Spanish, the official language, the country is called Guinea Ecuatorial. Equatorial Guinea is a still-developing nation whose inhabitants enjoy few of the fruits of their labor. The Fang are known for the mvet,[3] an instrument that looks like a cross between a zither and a harp, and can have up to fifteen strings. Below is a look at 10 interesting facts about Equatorial Guinea. This is especially true for the Fang, a people whose territories begin at the southern edge of Cameroon south of Kribi, Djoum, and Mvangan [fr] in the South Province and continue south across the border, including all of Río Muni in Equatorial Guinea, and from there south into Gabon and Congo. Photography: A permit is required from the Ministry of Information and Tourism. Ingredients in an array of native dishes include various types of meat including chicken, game, fish, snails, and so called “bush-meat” which can consist of wildlife such as lizards, gorillas, and lemurs. This is especially true for the Fang, a people whose territories begin at the southern edge of Cameroon south of Kribi, Djoum, and Mvangan [fr] in the South Province and continue south across the border, including all of Río Muni in Equatorial Guinea, and from there south into Gabon and Congo. Be informed. In the 2000 Games in Sydney, swimmer Eric Moussambani drew cheers after winning a 100-metre freestyle heat; he had learned to swim earlier that year. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Equatorial Guinea's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. Its extinct volcanic cones, crater lakes, and rich lava soils form a contrast with the landscape of the mainland. Among the most prominent of these authors are fiction writer and anthologist Donato Ndongo-Bidyogo; poet, essayist, and dramatist Juan-Tomás Ávila Laurel; and poet and novelist María Nsue Angüe. As a Spanish colony, the area was formerly known as Spanish Guinea. Among the Fang of the mainland, witchcraft, traditional music (in which the Fang harp, the xylophone, the great drums, and the wooden trumpet are used), and storytelling survive. Equatorial Guinea shares a similar background in the arts to its neighbours Cameroon and Gabon. Foreign cigarettes are appreciated as gifts. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. Despite a veneer of Spanish culture and of Roman Catholic religion that is thicker in Bioko than on the mainland, Equatorial Guineans live largely according to ancient customs, which have undergone a revival since independence. Insular Equatorial Guinea The main island, Bioko, is about 45 miles (72 km) long and 22 miles (35 km) wide. The Equatorial Guinean capital Malabo hosts 28 embassies, and in addition there are 18 … Equatorial Guinea is located on the west coast of Central Africa. The Culture, Traditions, and Heritage of Equatorial Guinea. Car… The country is a former Spanish colony and remains mostly influenced by Europe. Igbos Of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea - A Forgotten Minority Tribe - Culture - Nairaland. The picture above is one of the Fang peoples'. Among the Bubi farmers of Bioko, some ancient customs are still followed. 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